China Cracks Down on Alleged Stock Market Irregularities

31 Aug 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

China Cracks Down on Alleged Stock Market Irregularities.

In footage broadcast Monday morning on CCTV, China’s state broadcaster, a weary-looking Wang said he obtained information about China’s securities regulator “through private channels” and then added his “own subjective judgment” to the report. “During a sensitive period, I should not have published a report which had such a huge negative impact,” he said. Chinese state media announced a new round of confessions by people alleged to have spread online rumors of stock market irregularities Monday, following the arrest of nearly 200 people Saturday and Sunday.A journalist from one of China’s leading financial magazines has been paraded on state television to make an on-air “confession” for supposedly triggering stock market chaos with his reporting.Beijing: China’s main state broadcaster on Monday paraded a financial journalist “confessing” to causing the stock market “great losses” as authorities seek to rein in a rout on the exchanges.

China’s stocks fell, capping the benchmark index’s biggest two-month tumble since 2008, amid concern that government intervention to prop up the market will fail. The high-profile — and deeply problematic — forced apology came amid a broader crackdown as Chinese authorities struggle to cope with the fallout from the Tianjin blasts and the ongoing stock crisis. Xinhua news reported the latest half-dozen people who face charges are: a journalist, an official with China’s securities regulator and four senior executives of local securities firms, all of whom have been placed under “criminal compulsory measures.” Before any convictions are reached, the massive crackdown has already demonstrated the government’s determination to keep the stock markets under control and restore confidence in the government’s bailout measures, said Oliver Rui, professor of finance and accounting at China Europe International Business School (CEIBS). “The government clearly wants to send a very strong signal to the markets that, if anyone wants to be the enemy of the government, they will be punished eventually,” Rui said.

Xinhua quoted a statement by the ministry of public security issued over the weekend which said those punished in the campaign had expressed repentance over their misconduct that had “caused panic, misled the public and resulted in disorders in stock market or society.” The arrests come after China’s stock market has seen huge losses since it peaked in mid-June, and worries about economic growth have added to jitters. Wang Xiaolu, a journalist with the respected business magazine Caijing, was held after writing a story in July saying the securities regulator was studying plans for government funds to exit the market. The authorities appear to have obtained hard evidence alleging the involvement of four securities executives – Xu Gang, Liu Wei, Fang Qingli and Chen Rongjie of Citic Securities – in insider-trading, as well as bribe-taking and forging official seals by the regulatory official, the professor said. China is trying to boost its stock markets, which have plunged some 40% since mid-June on concerns over the country’s slowing economy and an unexpected devaluation of the yuan currency in mid-August. Beijing has launched interventions on a grand scale to try — with little success — to shore up plunging share prices after a debt-fuelled bubble burst in June.

Since an epic stock boom went bust this summer, China’s government has struggled to contain the crisis, ordering the press to downplay the story, and periodically singling out scapegoats, from hostile foreign forces, to “malicious” short-sellers, to the U.S. Among a number of measures, authorities have cracked down on the fabrication of trading information, alleged malicious short selling and other strategies seen as hampering a recovery.

Britain’s Financial Times reported at the weekend that China had decided to stop buying shares in favour of intensifying a crackdown on those “destabilising” the market, although there was speculation as recently as last Thursday that government funds were acquiring stock. The commission denied the report the next day, but it was convinced Wang’s report had triggered investor panic, which led to the stock markets’ 23 percent decline that week. In the ministry statement, Wang is reported to have said he wrote the story based on hearsay and his own speculations without having had or verified the facts.

The journalist was suspected of “colluding with others and fabricating and spreading fake information on securities and futures market,” Xinhua reported. Professor Rui said he believes the journalist, whom he said showed poor professional judgment in not fact-checking sensitive information, should be cleared of insider-trading. In a statement last Wednesday, a day after Xinhua said Wang was being held, Caijing said it had not been given a reason for his detention, adding it would support his actions within the normal course of reporting. China has unleashed an unprecedented package of support measures, including using state-backed entities to buy stocks and cracking down on “malicious” short-selling — when investors sell shares they do not own in anticipation of a fall in their price. The Shanghai Composite closed near its highest level of the day for the third straight session amid speculation state-backed funds are using afternoon share purchases to bolster the market before the parade, which the government will use to demonstrate its rising military and political might.

In July 20 story in Caijing, Wang wrote that the China Securities and Regulatory Commission (CSRC) was weighing whether to stop stabilizing share prices. Those made to broadcast such statements include Gao Yu, a veteran journalist jailed in April for leaking an internal Communist party document, Charles Xue, a venture capitalist and blogger, and Peter Humphrey, a British private investigator who was released from prison in June after nearly two years behind bars. The four executives included managing directors Xu Gang and Liu Wei, who admitted alleged insider trading, and the industry was told to contribute another 100 billion yuan (€14 billion) to a stock market rescue fund. Swings in Chinese markets this month have rattled investors worldwide as they struggle to anticipate policy actions in the world’s second-largest economy. “There is a lot of confusion about purchases of stocks by state-linked funds,” said Gerry Alfonso, a sales trader at Shenwan Hongyuan Group Co. in Shanghai. “Disclosures are very limited so it is impossible to know what they are doing with certainty.” The CSI 300 Index rose 0.7 percent after slumping as much as 4.1 percent earlier.

Liu said he had further forged official seals to fake a court ruling on divorce and taxation certificates for his mistress, according to the public security ministry’s statement. Speaking earlier this month, Eva Pils, an expert in Chinese law from King’s College London, said so-called televised confessions were being used more and more against government critics including human rights activists, journalists and lawyers. “I have heard previously of people being forced to make statements in front of a camera without that later being shown,” Pils said. “But I think that now clearly … they have also tried to get these filmed confessions and to broadcast them. “The authorities want to use the television confession as a means of censorship,” said Qiao Mu, an outspoken journalist professor from Beijing’s Foreign Studies University. David Bandurski from the University of Hong Kong’s China Media Project told the Financial Times: “This isn’t about the factual nature of his reporting, it’s about the political impact. But no similar confessions have been made public. “Many have long expressed concern over whether China has followed due process in arrest and investigations.

In China high-profile criminal suspects are regularly paraded on television apparently confessing to their actions, in what rights lawyers say is a violation of criminal procedure. If the accused is coerced to make the confession, a fair trial is unlikely to be guaranteed,” said Zhang Qianfan, professor of Peking University Law School. A leaked government propaganda directive from July said: “Do not conduct in-depth analysis, and do not speculate on or assess the direction of the market. Officials and state-backed media have sternly warned against rumor-mongering, spreading fear that could cause further panic on the country’s shaky stock markets.

On Sunday, the brokerage said several senior managers had been asked to assist with a public security investigation and that the company was actively cooperating with the request. The Shanghai market closed down 0.82 percent on Monday, while Citic Securities dropped nearly five percent, in part because of the regulatory crackdown, dealers said. Hong Kong’s bourse will be closed on Thursday. “It look like that the government is buying shares today,” said Li Jingyuan, general manager of the securities investment department at Shanghai Zhaoyi Asset Management. “They still want to stabilize the market at this level.” The Shanghai gauge will stabilize in a range between 2,700 and 3,000, David Gaud, senior fund manager at Edmond de Rothschild Asset Management, wrote in an e-mail. If not, no arrest should be made,” Zhang said, adding, “Even if rumors regarding the blasts in Tianjin were spread, the government shouldn’t have arrested anyone as long as it could find ways to correct them.” In the case of media reports, Xu Huiming, an associate professor of journalism at Guangzhou University, argued that news organizations should oversee the quality of stories reported by journalists and, thus, should be largely held legally liable unless they have fully met their oversight obligations. “While fulfilling reporting duties, no journalists should be held legally responsible alone even if the reporters are found to be lacking in professionalism.

Gree Electric Appliances Inc., China’s largest manufacturer of air-conditioners, dropped 5.4 percent after saying its first-half net income rose 0.05 percent from a year earlier. Puts that pay out on a 10 percent drop in the China 50 exchange-traded fund cost 9.3 points more on Monday than calls betting on a 10 percent gain, according to implied volatility data on one-month contracts.

For the U.S.-listed Deutsche X-trackers Harvest CSI 300 China A-Shares ETF, the skew reached a record 38 points on Aug. 27 and closed the week at 28 points.

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